2013/02/21

Grails session timeout without XML

This article shows clean, non hacky way of configuring featureful event listeners for Grails application servlet context. Feat. HttpSessionListener as a Spring bean example with session timeout depending on whether user account is premium or not.

Common approaches

Speaking of session timeout config in Grails, a default approach is to install templates with a command. This way we got direct access to web.xml file. Also more unnecessary files are created. Despite that unnecessary files are unnecessary, we should also remember some other common knowledge: XML is not for humans.

Another, a bit more hacky, way is to create mysterious scripts/_Events.groovy file. Inside of which, by using not less enigmatic closure: eventWebXmlEnd = { filename -> ... }we can parse and hack into web.xml with a help of XmlSlurper.
Even though lot of Grails plugins do it similar way, still it’s not really straightforward, is it? Besides, where’s the IDE support? Hello!?

Examples of both above ways can be seen on StackOverflow.

Simpler and cleaner way

By adding just a single line to the already generated init closure we have it done:
class BootStrap {

    def init = { servletContext ->    
        servletContext.addListener(OurListenerClass)    
    }    
}

Allrighty, this is enough to avoid XML. Sweets are served after the main course though :)

Listener as a Spring bean

Let us assume we have a requirement. Set a longer session timeout for premium user account.
Users are authenticated upon session creation through SSO.

To easy meet the requirements just instantiate the CustomTimeoutSessionListener as Spring bean at resources.groovy. We also going to need some source of the user custom session timeout. Let say a ConfigService.
beans = {    
    customTimeoutSessionListener(CustomTimeoutSessionListener) {    
        configService = ref('configService')    
    }    
}

With such approach BootStrap.groovy has to by slightly modified. To keep control on listener instantation, instead of passing listener class type, Spring bean is injected by Grails and the instance passed:
class BootStrap {

    def customTimeoutSessionListener

    def init = { servletContext ->    
        servletContext.addListener(customTimeoutSessionListener)
    }    
}

An example CustomTimeoutSessionListener implementation can look like:
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionEvent    
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionListener    
import your.app.ConfigService    
    
class CustomTimeoutSessionListener implements HttpSessionListener {    
    
    ConfigService configService
    
    @Override    
    void sessionCreated(HttpSessionEvent httpSessionEvent) {    
        httpSessionEvent.session.maxInactiveInterval = configService.sessionTimeoutSeconds
    }    
    
    @Override    
    void sessionDestroyed(HttpSessionEvent httpSessionEvent) { /* nothing to implement */ }    
}
Having at hand all power of the Spring IoC this is surely a good place to load some persisted user’s account stuff into the session or to notify any other adequate bean about user presence.

Wait, what about the user context?

Honest answer is: that depends on your case. Yet here’s an example of getSessionTimeoutMinutes() implementation using Spring Security:
import org.springframework.security.core.context.SecurityContextHolder    
    
class ConfigService {

    static final int 3H = 3 * 60 * 60
    static final int QUARTER = 15 * 60
    
    int getSessionTimeoutSeconds() {    
    
        String username = SecurityContextHolder.context?.authentication?.principal    
        def account = Account.findByUsername(username)    
    
        return account?.premium ? 3H : QUARTER
    }    
}
This example is simplified. Does not contain much of defensive programming. Just an assumption that principal is already set and is a String - unique username. Thanks to Grails convention our ConfigService is transactional so the Account domain class can use GORM dynamic finder.
OK, config fetching implementation details are out of scope here anyway. You can get, load, fetch, obtain from wherever you like to. Domain persistence, principal object, role config, external file and so on...

Any gotchas?

There is one. When running grails test command, servletContext comes as some mocked class instance without addListener method. Thus we going to have a MissingMethodException when running tests :(

Solution is typical:
def init = { servletContext ->
    if (Environment.current != Environment.TEST) {    
        servletContext.addListener(customTimeoutSessionListener)    
    }    
}
An unnecessary obstacle if you ask me. Should I submit a Jira issue about that?

TL;DR

Just implement a HttpSessionListener. Create a Spring bean of the listener. Inject it into BootStrap.groovy and call servletContext.addListener(injectedListener).

50 comments:

  1. Hi! I followed your steps exactly in Grails 2.3.7 and I can't get the Listener to inject the Service :(
    I mean, in your example, your configService is always null. The resources.groovy file is exactly the same as yours. Any ideas? Thanks!

    ReplyDelete
  2. If I get the service using Holders.grailsApplication.mainContext.getBean it works, but I can't figure out why it doesn't autowire it like it should.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Did you pass class or bean instance to the addListener() method? The first example is with class, as that's enough if you don't need tie session listener with Spring context. Sorry if that was misleading. I've just added 2nd example starting with words "With such approach BootStrap.groovy has to by slightly modified". Check it please and let me know if that helps. If there still be a problem I'll post example on GitHub.

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  4. That was it! The bean instance was the thing I was missing and now it works like a charm. Thanks very much!

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